Leaders are at the forefront of AFV deployment. Many of the Leader actions can be considered goals for AFV deployment by Learners or Actors. Moreover, transitioning to a Leader can take many different paths and involve many different actions; it is possible to be a Leader in one action Category (e.g., infrastructure deployment) but still be an Actor or Learner in other action Categories (e.g., public fleets).
From the perspective of the public value triangle, the Leader creates public value by implementing actions that aim to maximize the long-term net public benefits of AFVs. The Leader builds legitimacy and support by being a central and trusted resource for AFV deployment in the state to consumers and other AFV stakeholders. In addition, as a Leader, the public is supportive of the DOT’s deployment efforts. The Leader can increase its internal capabilities by working on making all DOT divisions incorporate AFVs more broadly into operations. The Leader can also create a consistent, long-term policy for incorporating AFVs into the transportation system, including system finance.